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Monday, 11 March 2013

Batak Silindung People (English Version)


by: Wendy Hutahaean

Batak Silindung People or sometimes called Batak Toba par-Silindung is a Batak ethnic that live in Kabupaten Tapanuli Utara of North Sumatra Province, Indonesia. Long time ago, foreign people classify all people who live in North Tapanuli and Central Tapanuli as Batak Toba. However, there are five different batak ethnics that live in those areas which are Batak Toba, Batak Samosir, Batak Silindung, and Batak Sibolga. They have the same cultures and languages with some differences because of geographical position and district division for decades.

Traditional Clothes of Batak Silindung

A. The Land

The land of Batak Silindung people covered some districts (kecamatan) in Kabupaten Tapanuli Utara, which are:

1. Kec. Garoga
2. Kec. Pahae Julu
3. Kec. Pangaribuan
4. Kec. Tarutung
5. Kec. Siatas Barita
6. Kec. Sipahutar
7. Kec. Sipoholon

In some districts of Kabupaten Tapanuli Utara bordered by Kabupaten Tapanuli Selatan, Batak Angkola people live in a significant number. There are only a few number of Batak Silindung people that live in those districts. The districts are:

1. Kec. Pahae Jae
2. Kec. Pubatua
3. Kec. Simangumban

Kabupaten Tapanuli Utara

Batak Silindung People are related to Batak Toba, Batak Humbang, Batak Silindung and Batak Sibolga because they were in a same regency of North Tapanuli. Sometimes foreign people classify those five batak ethnics as Batak Tapanuli. Some Batak Silindung people has the same ancestor  with Batak Angkola and Batak Mandailing. For example, Nasution in Batak Toba and  Batak Mandailing come from the same ancestor. Siregar in Batak Humbang and Batak Angkola also come from the same ancestor. There are another ancestor similarity among those Batak ethics.
B. Marga

Batak Silindung people have "marga" that shows the identity of their original ancestor or family. This familiy name is derived from  father lineage (patrilineal) that will be continued to his male descent continiously. Female descent will follow the family name of her husband after mariage. The example of "marga" in Batak Silindung that live (marbona pasogit) in Kabupaten Tapanuli Utara is Naipospos who has five sons that derived seven margas, Sibagariang, Hutauruk, Simanungkalit, Situmeang, Marbun Lumban Batu, Marbun Banjar Nahor, dan Marbun Lumban Gaol. Those seven "marga" occupied Tarutung district in Kabupaten Tapanuli Utara.

1.    Marga Hasibuan
2.    Marga Banjarnahor
3.    Marga Hutabarat
4.    Marga Hutapea
5.    Marga Hutauruk
6.    Marga Hutagalung
7.    Marga Lubis
8.    Marga Lumban Batu
9.    Marga Lumban Gaol
10. Marga Lumban Tobing
11. Marga Matondang
12. Marga Naipospos
13. Marga Marbun
14. Marga Panggabean
15. Marga Parapat
16. Marga Pasaribu
17. Marga Pohan
18. Marga Sarusuk
19. Marga Sibagariang
20. Marga Sibangebange
21. Marga Simanungkalit
22. Marga Simargolang
23. Marga Simorangkir
24. Marga Sipahutar
25. Marga Sitompul
26. Marga Situmeang
27. Marga Sihombing
28. Marga Tanjung
29. Marga Tarihoran
30. Marga Tobing

Traditional House of Batak Silindung

C. Language 

Batak Toba language with Silindung dialect is the language spoken by Batak Silindung people in Kabupaten Tapanuli Utara. Batak Toba language is also spoken by Batak Toba, Humbang, Silindung, and Sibolga with some different dialect. Batak Toba language is related to Batak Mandailing/ Angkola language that is spoken by Batak Mandailing and Batak Angkola people in the southern Tapanuli. Those two languages basically are similar with some different in dialect because of the separation of the regencies long time ago. Batak Simalungun language is also related to Batak Toba language.

Traditional Dance of Batak Silindung

The habbit of roaming all over the world is popular among Batak Silindung People. Because of the habbit, Batak Silindung people is well known everywhere. The term of "Horas", a greetings from Batak Toba, Samosir, Humbang, Silindung, Sibolga, Angkola, Mandailing and Simalungun is also popular to greet all Batak people. Batak Silindung people is spreading all over Indonesia and Worldwide.

D. Religion of Batak Silindung People

The religion of Batak mostly Christian that introduced by German Missionarist, IL Nomensen hundred years ago. The biggest Christian church in the world, HKBP (Huria Kristen Batak Protestant) comes from this area. There are only few people of Malim and Parbegu as the traditional Batak religion. Besides that, there are also few number of  Islam from interracial marriage.

Salib Kasih at Silindung

Basically, Batak Silindung people live as rice or crops farmer. Nowadays, they also work in different types job such as merchandise,  office jobs, in private and public sector. There are a lot of Batak Silindung people who become successful person in foreign country such as having an important position in government and having a successful business.

3.    http://protomalayans.blogspot.com/2012/08/suku-batak-silindung.htm

Batak Silindung - Rura Silindung

Silindung Song - Beta tu Sipahutar

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