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Friday, 29 March 2013

Batak Sibolga People (English Version)

By: Wendy Hutahaean

Batak Sibolga people or sometimes called Batak Toba par-Sibolga is a Batak ethnic that live in Kabupaten Tapanuli Tengah, Kota Sibolga and Kabupaten Tapanuli Utara (Kecamatan Adiankoting only) of North Sumatera Province, Indonesia. Hundred years ago, the international trade of natural resources centered in Fansur (Barus) was increasing between Batak people and foreign trader such as from India, China, Arab and European countries. Besides that, Batak Toba, Batak Silindung and Batak Humbang people barter their  rice, vegetables and farm products to fish, salt and other sea products which Batak Pasisi have. Some Batak Toba, Batak Humbang and Batak Silindung people migrate closer to the coast and live there until now. Those Batak migrant still preserve their Batak culture with some influence of Batak Pasisi  culture. They are called as Batak Sibolga.

Traditional Clothes of Batak Sibolga

A. The Land

The land of Batak Sibolga people covered some districts (kecamatan) in Kabupaten Tapanuli Tengah especially mountain area. They also live in Kecamatan Adiankoting of Kabupaten Tapanuli Utara. Those districts are:

1.    Kec. Tukka
2.    Kec. Andam Dewi
3.    Kec. Barus Utara
4.    Kec. Sosor Gadong
5.    Kec. Pasaribu Tobing
6.    Kec. Sorkam
7.    Kec. Kolang
8.    Kec. Sitahuis
9.    KecAdiankoting (Kab. Tapanuli Utara)
10. Kec. Barus
11. Kec. Sorkam Barat
12. Kec. Tapian Nauli
13. Kec. Sarudik

Kabupaten Tapanuli Tengah

In contrast, the land of Batak Pasisi people covered all districts on west coast of Kabupaten Tapanuli Tengah. Batak Dairi people live in mountain area of Kecamatan Manduamas and Kecamatan Sirandorung of Kabupaten Tapanuli Tengah. Southern part of Kabupaten Tapanuli Tengah including Kecamatan Badiri, Pinangsori, Lumut, Sibabangun and Sukabangun are the land of Batak Angkola people. 

B. Marga 

Batak Sibolga people have "marga" that shows the identity of their original ancestor or family. This familiy name is derived from  father lineage (patrilineal) that will be continued to his male descent continiously. Female descent will follow the family name of her husband after mariage. The example of marga in Batak Sibolga that live (marbona pasogit) in Tapanuli Tengah such as:

1. Marga Hutagalung
2. Marga Pasaribu
3. Marga Tobing

Traditional Dance of  Batak Sibolga

C. Language

Batak Toba language with Sibolga dialect is the language spoken by Batak Sibolga people in Kabupaten Tapanuli Tengah. Batak Toba language is also spoken by Batak Samosir, Humbang, Silindung, and Sibolga with some different dialect. Batak Toba language is related to Batak Mandailing/ Angkola langauge that is spoken by Batak Mandailing and Batak Angkola people in the southern Tapanuli. Those two languages basically are similar with some different in dialect because of the separation of the regencies long time ago. Batak Simalungun language is also related to Batak Toba language. 

Sibolga dialect has some differences compare to other Batak Toba dialect, for example:

1.     Father is called as "Apang", not "Amang" (Silindung and Humbang dialect) nor "Among" (Toba and Samosir dialect).
2.     Mother is called as "Inang" (Silindung, Humbang and Sibolga dialect), not "Inong" (Toba dan Samosir dialect).
3.     Destination is called as "Tu" (Silindung, Humbang, Toba and Sibolga dialect), not "Hu" (Samosir dialect).
4.     The son of our mother's brother (if you are girl) is called as "Tunggane" (Silindung, Humbang, and Sibolga dialect), not "Oppung" (Toba dan Samosir dialect).
5.     Not yet is called as ”ndang do pe” (Silindung, Toba and Sibolga dialect), not ”ndang kede” (Humbang dialect) nor ”ndang poso”/” ndang koso” (Samosir dialect).

Besides that, the pronounciation of Sibolga and Silindung dialect is the most subtle and softest compare to Humbang dialect. In contrast, Toba and Samosir dialect is more rough and harder pronounced. The habbit of roaming all over the world is popular among Batak Sibolga people. Because of the habbit, Batak Sibolga people is well known everywhere. The term of "Horas", a greetings from Batak Toba, Samosir, Humbang, Silindung, Sibolga, Angkola, Mandailing and Simalungun is also popular to greet all Batak people. Batak Sibolga people is spreading all over Indonesia and Worldwide.
Traditional House of Batak Sibolga

D. Religion

The religion of Batak mostly Christian that introduced by German Missionarist, IL Nomensen hundred years ago. The biggest Christian church in the world, HKBP (Huria Kristen Batak Protestant) comes from this area. There are only few people of Malim and Parbegu as the traditional Batak religion. Besides that, there are also few number of  Islam from interracial marriage.

Batak Sibolga Church

Basically, Batak Sibolga people live as farmer and fisherman, especially for people who lives around Tapian Nauli coast. Nowadays, they also work in different types job such as merchandise,  office jobs, in private and public sector. There are a lot of Batak Sibolga people who become successful person in foreign country such as having an important position in government and having a successful business.


3.    http://repository.usu.ac.id/bitstream/123456789/16773/5/Chapter%20I.pdf

Batak Sibolga Song - Tumba Goreng Sibolga Julu

Batak Sibolga Song - Tapian Nauli

Batak Sibolga Song - Boru Tumeang Gontingmahe

Batak Sibolga Song - Tapteng Marsada

Batak Sibolga Song - Sibolga Nauli

Batak Sibolga Song - Sibolga

Batak Sibolga Song - Kota Sibolga

Batak Sibolga Song -Tumba Poriaha

Batak Sibolga Song - Butet

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