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Thursday, 28 February 2013

The Land of Gayo

THE LAND OF BATAK GAYO
By: Wendy Hutahaean


The Karo, or Karonese, are a Batak people of the 'tanah Karo' (Karo lands) of North Sumatra and a small part of neighbouring Aceh. The Karo lands consist of Karo Regency, plus neighbouring areas in East Aceh Regency, Langkat Regency, Dairi Regency, Simalungun Regency and Deli Serdang Regency.1 In addition, the cities of Binjai and Medan, both bordered by Deli Serdang Regency, contain significant Karo populations, particularly in the Padang Bulan area of Medan. The town of Sibolangit, Deli Serdang Regency in the foothills on the road from Medan to Berastagi is also a significant Karo town.

A.   Area of Batak Gayo Lut

Kabupaten Karo is the home of Batak Karo Ethnic. The people who live around Sinabung Mount and Sibayak Mount name the area as Taneh Karo Kenjulu. They have some differences in costum and habbit compare to other Batak Karo people. The area consists of:

1.    Kec. 
2.    Kec. 
3.    Kec. 
4.   Kec. 
5.    Kec. 
6.    Kec. 
7.    Kec. 


B.   Area of Batak Gayo Deret (Linge)

Batak Karo people who live in western area of Sinabung Mount and Sibayak Mount name the area where they live as Taneh Karo Teruh Deleng. This people have some differences compare to other Batak Karo people. The area consists of some districts of Kabupaten Karo, which are:

1.    Kec. 
2.    Kec. 
3.    Kec. 
4.    Kec. 
5.    Kec. 
6.    Kec. 
7.    Kec. 

C.   Area of Batak Gayo Lues (Belang)

Southern part of Kabupaten Karo is the homeland of Batak Karo Ethnic. They name the place as Taneh Karo Singalor Lau. It covers southern part of Kabupaten Karo, which are:

1.    Kec. 
2.    Kec. 
3.    Kec. 

D.   Area of Batak Gayo Serbajadi (Lokop)

In eastern part of Kabupaten Dairi, on the border with Kabupaten Karo, there are Batak Karo homeland. They name this area as Taneh Karo Baluren. It covers some districts of Kabupaten Dairi, which are:

1.    Kec. 
2.   Kec. 
3.    Kec. 


E.   Area of Batak Gayo Kalul

The people who live in the southern part of Kabupaten Langkat are Batak Karo Ethnic. They name the area  as Taneh Karo Bingei. The area covers some districts (kecamatan) of Kabupaten Langkat, which are:     

1.    Kec. 
2.    Kec. 
3.    Kec. 
4.    Kec. 
5.    Kec. 
6.    Kec. 
7.    Kec. 
8.    Kec. 
9.    Kec. 
10. Kec. 
11. Kec. 


F.    Area of Batak Bebesen

Batak Karo people have already existed in Kabupaten Deli Serdang long time before Melayu People come to that area. They name the area as Taneh Karo Dusun. It is covered some districts in southwest of Kabupaten Deli Serdang, which are:

1.    Kec. 
2.    Kec. 
3.    Kec. 
4.    Kec. 
5.    Kec. 
6.    Kec. 
7.    Kec. 
8.    Kec. 
9.    Kec. 
10. Kec. 

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